A Concurrent Battleground for Ethnic Diversity



If you would’ve asked me at the beginning of this course, why Arizona wasn’t a state until 1912, I would’ve made an assumption that it had to do with the time it took westernization to make the settlement relevant enough; and if you were to have asked me that and I gave you that answer, I would’ve been wrong…

The truth is by the early 1870’s Arizona had several relevant towns due to its large deposits of gold, silver, and copper and a large demand for labor. This rapidly growing need for workers in the mines was met by people of all different backgrounds.By drawing on a variety of different resources including: relative books such as: Borderland Americans or American Identity, related historical articles, journals, pictures, and more I hope to shed light on the triumphs/struggles of Mexican culture and the effect it had on the statehood of the Arizona territory.

Not only did these tensions setback Arizona inevitable statehood, they have made underlying impressions that continue to effect these culturally diverse states throughout the entirety of their history. It was implications like these that left me questioning how and when the cultural clashing that has taken place in my home state, began drastically effecting the character of its society.

This picture shows a map drawn of Arizona and New Mexico in 1867.


After the end of the Mexican/American war, the territory that is now the great state of Arizona was solidified as United States property through the signings of the Treaty of Guadulaupe Hildalgo (1848)  the Gasden Treaty in Mexico City on December 30th, 1853 as part of the U.S. expansions westward. Initially included in the territory of New Mexico, Arizona became its own settlement in 1863, shortly after the discovery of gold in Prescott.

Originally built in the 1700’s, San Xavier del Bac cathedral is one of the most famous remnant of the earliest Spanish missionaries to settle in Arizona

Many of the early fortune seekers of this generation used Arizona as pit stop on the way to the gold in California, but by the end of the 18th century Arizona was becoming a major contributor to the countries mining; gold in Prescott, Silver in Tombstone, and copper in Bisbee led to a high demand for labor which made this young settlement a ‘melting pot’ for immigrants all different walks of life.

The scene of this atmosphere is pictured through the documentation of a traveler named Emma H. Adams in the section of her book discussing her time in Tucson, Arizona in 1884.; “Americans, Mexicans, Germans, Russians, Italians, Austrians, Frenchmen, Spaniards, Greeks, the Chinese, Japanese, Portuguese, the African, Irishman, and Sandwich Islander are all here, being drawn to the spot by the irresistible mining influence.”(3)